Joint Major in Biology & Mathematics (76 credits)
This program is built on a selection of mathematics and biology courses that recognizes mathematical biology as a field of research, with 3 streams within biology:

Program coordinators: Frederic Guichard (Biology) and Axel Hundemer (Mathematics).
Advising notes for U0 students
 It is highly recommended that freshman BIOL, CHEM, MATH, and PHYS courses be selected with an advisor to ensure they meet the core requirements of the program.
 This program is recommended for U1 students achieving a CGPA of 3.2 or better; and entering CEGEP students with a Math/Science Rscore of 28.0 or better.
REQUIRED COURSES (37 CREDITS)
BioPhysical Sciences Core (28 credits)
Credits 
Department 
Courses 
Course Title 
3 
Biology 
BIOL 219 
Physical Biology of the Cell 
4 
BIOL 301 
Cell & Molecular Biology Laboratory 

1 
BIOL 395 
Quantitative Biology Seminar 

4 
Chemistry 
* CHEM 212 
Organic Chemistry 
3 
Computer Science
Either 
** COMP 202 
Foundations of Programming 
3 
Mathematics 
*MATH 222 
Calculus 3 
3 
*** MATH 223 
Linear Algebra 

3 
or 
*** MATH 247 
Honours Applied Linear Algebra 
3 
MATH 315 
Ordinary Differential Equations 

3 
MATH 323 
Probability 

* If a student has already taken CHEM 212 or its equivalent, or MATH 222 or its equivalent, the credits can be made up with complementary courses in consultation with the Program Adviser.
** Students who have sufficient knowledge in a programming language should take COMP 250 "Introduction to Computer Science" rather than COMP 202. *** Students may take either MATH 223 or MATH 247. 
Biology and Mathematics Core (9 credits)
Credits 
Department 
Courses 
Course Title 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 215 
Introduction to Ecology and Evolution 

3 
Mathematics 
MATH 242 
Analysis 1 

3 
MATH 243 
Analysis 2 

Complementary Courses (39 credits) 

Math or Biology Research Course (39 credits) 

Note: Students selecting a BIOL course count this toward their 21 credits of BIOL, NEUR, PHGY, PSYC courses while students selecting a MATH course count this toward their 18 credits of MATH courses.


3 
Mathematics 
MATH 314 
Advanced Calculus 

3 
MATH 317 
Numerical Analysis 

3 
or 
MATH 327  Matrix Numerical Analysis  
3 
MATH 319 
Introduction to Partial Differential Equations 

3 
MATH 326 
Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos 

SEQUENCE 2: Statistics 9 credits from the following courses: 

3 
MATH 324 
Statistics 

3 
MATH 423 
Regression and Analysis of Variance 

3 
MATH 447 
Stochastic Processes 



3 
MATH 204 
Principles of Statistics 2 

3 
MATH 340 
Discrete Structures 2 

3 
MATH 437 
Mathematical Methods in Biology 

4 
MATH 523 
Generalized Linear Models 

4 
MATH 524 
Nonparametric Statistics 

4 
MATH 525 
Sampling Theory and Applications 

BIOL, NEUR, PHGY, PHYS, PSYC courses 

Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology Stream 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 206 
Methods in Biology of Organisms 

3 credits from the following field courses or any other field course, with permission: 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 331 
Ecology/Behaviour field course 

3 
BIOL 334 D1/D2 
Applied Tropical Ecology 

3 
BIOL 432 
Limnology 

3 
BIOL 573 
Vertebrate Palaeontology Field Studies 

At least 9 credits chosen from the following list, of which 6 credits must be at the 400level or above  
3 
Biology 
BIOL 202 
Basic Genetics 

3 
BIOL 205 
Biology of Organisms 

3 
BIOL 304 
Evolution 

3 
BIOL 305 
Animal Diversity 

3 
BIOL 308 
Ecological Dynamics 

3 
BIOL 310 
Biodiversity & Ecosystems 

3 
BIOL 324 
Ecological Genetics – requires BIOL 202 

3 
BIOL 434 
Theoretical Ecology 

3 
BIOL 509 
Methods in Molecular Ecology 

3 
BIOL 569 
Developmental Evolution 

3 
BIOL 594 
Advanced Evolutionary Ecology 

Molecular Evolution Stream 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 202 
Basic Genetics 

At least 12 credits chosen from the following list of which 6 credits must be at the 400level or above.


3 
Biology 
BIOL 303 
Developmental Biology 

3 
BIOL 304 
Evolution 

3 
BIOL 313 
Eukaryotic Cell Biology 

3 
BIOL 518 
Advanced Topics in Cell Biology (requirements: see Notes) 

3 
BIOL 569 
Developmental Evolution 

3 
BIOL 592 
Integrated Bioinformatics 



3 
Biology 
BIOL 306 
Neural Basis of Behaviour 

At least 12 credits selected from: 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 320 
Evolution of Brain and Behaviour 

3 
BIOL 389 
Laboratory in Neurobiology 

3 
BIOL 530 
Advances in Neuroethology 

3 
BIOL 580 
Genetic Approaches to Neural Systems 

3 
Neurobiology 
NEUR 310 
Cellular Neurobiology 

3 
NEUR 507 
Topics in Radionuclide Imaging 

3 
NEUR 570 
Human Brain Imaging 

3 
Physiology 
PHGY 314 
Integrative Neuroscience 

3 
PHGY 425 
Analyzing Physiological Systems 

3 
PHGY 552 
Cell and Molecular Physiology 

3 
Psychology 
PSYC 427 
Sensorimotor Behaviour 

3 
Psychiatry 
PSYT 455 
Neurochemistry 

3 
PSYC 502 
Brain Evolution and Psychiatry 

Notes: 