Joint Major in Biology & Mathematics (76 credits)
This program is built on a selection of mathematics and biology courses that recognizes mathematical biology as a field of research, with 3 streams within biology:

Program coordinators: Frederic Guichard (Biology), Stephen Drury and Axel Hundemer (Mathematics).
Advising notes for U0 students
 It is highly recommended that freshman BIOL, CHEM, MATH, and PHYS courses be selected with an advisor to ensure they meet the core requirements of the program.
 This program is recommended for U1 students achieving a CGPA of 3.2 or better; and entering CEGEP students with a Math/Science Rscore of 28.0 or better.
REQUIRED COURSES (34 CREDITS)
Credits 
Department 
Courses 
Course Title 
3 
Biology 
BIOL 200 
Molecular Biology 
3 
BIOL 201 
Cell Biology and Metabolism (or equivalent: BIOC 212/ANAT 212) 

3 
BIOL 215 
Introduction to Ecology and Evolution 

4 
Chemistry 
* CHEM 212 
Introductory Organic Chemistry 
3 
Computer Science 
Either ** COMP 202 
Introduction to Computing 1 
3 
or ** COMP 250 
Introduction to Computer Science 

3 
Mathematics 
MATH 222 
Calculus 3 
3 
*** MATH 223 
Linear Algebra 

3 
or 
*** MATH 247 
Honours Applied Linear Algebra 
3 
MATH 242 
Analysis 1 

3 
MATH 243 
Analysis 2 

3 
MATH 315 
Ordinary Differential Equations 

3 
MATH 323 
Probability 

* If a student has already taken CHEM 212 or its equivalent, the credits can be made up with a complementary course in consultation with the program coordinator.
** Students who have sufficient knowledge in a programming language should take COMP 250 instead of COMP 202 *** Students may take either MATH 223 or MATH 247. 
COMPLEMENTARY COURSES (42 CREDITS)
For the 42 credits, students complete 24 credits of BIOL, NEUR, PHGY, PSYC courses including one of the three Streams (Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology, Molecular Evolution, Neurosciences) and 18 credits of MATH courses:
Math or Biology Research Course 

Note: Students selecting a BIOL course count this toward their 24 credits of BIOL, NEUR, PHGY, PSYC courses while students selecting a MATH course count this toward their 18 credits of MATH courses. 3 credits from the following Math or Biology Research courses: 

Credits 
Department 
Courses 
Course Title 
3 
Biology 
BIOL 466 
Independent Research Project 1 
3 
BIOL 467 
Independent Research Project 2 

3 
Mathematics 
MATH 410 
Majors Project 
Of the remaining complementary courses, at least 6 credits must be at the 400level or above: 

Math Courses 

15  18 credits (if MATH 410 was selected as a research course) or 18 credits of MATH courses chosen from Sequence 1 or 2 and from "Remaining Math Courses" as follows: SEQUENCE 1: Theoretical 12 credits from the following courses: 

3 
Mathematics 
MATH 314 
Advanced Calculus 
3 
MATH 317 
Numerical Analysis 

3 
or 
MATH 327  Matrix Numerical Analysis 
3 
MATH 319 
Introduction to Partial Differential Equations 

3 
MATH 326 
Nonlinear Dynamics and Chaos 

SEQUENCE 2: Statistical 9 credits from the following courses: 

3 
MATH 324 
Statistics 

3 
MATH 423 
Regression and Analysis of Variance 

3 
MATH 447 
Introduction to Stochastic Processes 



3 
MATH 204 
Principles of Statistics 2 

3 
MATH 340 
Discrete Structures 2 

3 
MATH 437 
Mathematical Methods in Biology 

4 
MATH 523 
Generalized Linear Models 

4 
MATH 524 
Nonparametric Statistics 

4 
MATH 525 
Sampling Theory and Applications 

BIOL, NEUR, PHGY, PHYS, PSYC courses 

Ecology and Evolutionary Ecology Stream (at least 15 credits) 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 206 
Methods in Biology of Organisms 


3 
Biology 
BIOL 240 
Monteregian Flora 
3 
BIOL 331 
Ecology/Behaviour field course 

3 
BIOL 334 D1/D2 
Applied Tropical Ecology 

3 
BIOL 432 
Limnology 



3 
Biology 
BIOL 202 
Basic Genetics 
3 
BIOL 304 
Evolution 

3 
BIOL 308 
Ecological Dynamics 

3 
BIOL 310 
Biodiversity & Ecosystems 

3 
BIOL 324 
Ecological Genetics – requires BIOL 202 

3 
BIOL 434 
Theoretical Ecology 

3 
BIOL 435 
Natural Selection 

3 
BIOL 466 
Independent Research Project 1 

3 
BIOL 467 
Independent Research Project 2 

6 
BIOL 468 
Independent Research Project 3 

3 
BIOL 585 
Game Theory & Evolutionary Dynamics 

3 
BIOL 590 
Linking Community and Ecosystem Ecology 

3 
BIOL 594 
Advanced Evolutionary Ecology 

Molecular Evolution Stream (at least 16 credits) 

Required stream courses:  
3 
Biology 
BIOL 202 
Basic Genetics 
4 
BIOL 301 
Cell and Molecular Laboratory 

Stream complementary courses. At least 9 credits chosen from the following list, of which 6 credits must be at the 400level or above: 

3 
Biology 
BIOL 303 
Developmental Biology 
3 
BIOL 304 
Evolution 

3 
BIOL 313 
Eukaryotic Cell Biology 

3 
BIOL 319 
Introduction to Biophysics 

3 
BIOL 435 
Natural Selection 

3 
BIOL 466 
Independent Research Project 1 

3 
BIOL 467 
Independent Research Project 2 

6 
BIOL 468 
Independent Research Project 3 

3 
BIOL 592 
Integrated Bioinformatics 

3 
BIOL 518 
Advanced Topics in Cell Biology (requirements: see Notes) 

3 
BIOL 569 
Developmental Evolution 

3 
BIOL 572 
Molecular Evolution 



Required stream courses:  
3 
Biology 
BIOL 306 
Neural Basis of Behaviour 


3 
BIOL 320 
Evolution of Brain and Behaviour 

3 
BIOL 389 
Laboratory in Neurobiology 

3 
BIOL 466 
Independent Research Project 1 

3 
BIOL 467 
Independent Research Project 2 

6 
BIOL 468 
Independent Research Project 3 

3 
BIOL 530 
Advances in Neuroethology 

3 
BIOL 580 
Genetic Approaches to Neural Systems 

3 
Physiology 
PHGY 314 
Integrative Neuroscience 
3 
Physiology 
PHGY 425 
Analyzing Physiological Systems 
3 
Psychology 
PSYC 427 
Sensorimotor Behaviour 
