BIOL 432 (Fall)


Two weekend Field Trips: In 2018: TBA

[BIOL 432 Website - Additional Information]

I. Gregory-Eaves (Coordinator) N4/8 (514) 398-6425
G. Fussmann N8/15 (514) 398-1370
3 credits (2-3-4)
BIOL 206 and  BIOL 215 or permission of instructor.
ENVB 432

Limnology is the study of inland waters: lakes, rivers and wetlands.  Wetzel (2001) defines limnology as “the study of structural and functional interrelationships of organisms of inland waters as they are affected by their dynamic physical, chemical and biotic environment”.

For this class, we will provide students with an introduction to lake communities and the physical and chemical properties of their environment. Rivers and wetlands will be covered only briefly, but students may choose to do their independent projects on these systems. Topics covered during the class will include the watershed and its hydrology; fluxes of nutrients and materials to and within lakes; the pelagial and littoral zones and their dynamics; sediments and paleolimnology, and the structure and dynamics of major plant and animal communities. Interwoven will be lectures on nutrient and heavy metal pollution.

There are two mandatory weekend field trips in this course (in lieu of a lab).  All students must attend these two field trips in September/October which will start at 5 pm on Friday and end at 5 pm on Sunday.  An additional fee will be charged to cover the accommodation and transportation (this course cost is in addition to the regular course fee scheduled by McGill University).  As a final requirement, students must be able to swim, as we will spend a fair amount of time working off of boats. 

See the web site for application procedures  and more detail
 Inland Water Ecosystems:  a textbook of Limnology by J. Kalff  (Prentice-Hall, 2001).

Reserve readings include:
Limnology by R.G. Wetzel (Academic Press, 2007)
Limnoecology: The Ecology of Lakes and Streams by W. Lampert and U. Sommer, 2nd Edition (Oxford University Press, 2007)
Limnological Analyses  by R.G. Wetzel and G.E. Likens (Springer-Verlag, 2000).
The topics will be covered in twice-weekly lectures and 2 weekend field trips
Midterm, final exam, field project proposal, field project oral report and field participation

McGill University values academic integrity. Therefore all students must understand the meaning and consequences of cheating, plagiarism and other academic offences under the Code of Student Conduct and Disciplinary Procedures (see for more information).

Last update: March 5, 2018