Brian Leung, Ph.D.
Associate Professor

 

Publications

 

Peer reviewed publications



    1. 2017


    2. *Hudgins, E., Liebhold, A., Leung, B. In Press. Predicting the spread of all invasive forest pests in the United States. Ecology Letters

    3. Leung, B., *Bradie, J. In Press. Estimating non’Äêindigenous species establishment and their impact on biodiversity, using the Relative Suitability Richness model.. Journal of Applied Ecology

    4. 2016

    5. Lovett, G.M., Weiss, M., Liebhold, A., Holmes, T.P., Leung, B., Lambert, K.F., Orwig, D.A., Campbell, F.T., Rosenthal, J., McCullough, D.G., Wildova, R., Ayres, M.P., Canham, C.D., Foster, D.R., LaDeau, S.L., Weldy, T. 2016. Non-native forest insects and patogens in the U.S.: impacts and policy options. Ecological Applications 26: 1437-1455 [view online]

    6. *Bradie, J., Leung, B. 2016. A quantitative synthesis of the importance of variables used in MaxEnt species distribution models. Journal of Biogeography. doi:10.1111/jbi.12894 [view online]

    7. MacIsaac, H.J., DeRoy, E.M., Leung, B., Grgicak-Mannion, A., Ruiz, G.M. Possible ballast water transfer of lionfish to the eastern Pacific Ocean. PloS One 11 (11), e0165584 [view online]

     

    1. 2015

    2. Bradie, J., Pietrobon, A. Leung, B. 2015. Beyond species-specific assessments: an analysis and validation of environmental distance metrics for non-indigenous species risk assessment. Biological invasions 17: 3455-3465. [view online]

    3. Bradie, J., Leung, B. 2015. Pathway-level models to predict non-indigenous species establishment using propagule pressure, environmental tolerance and trait data. Journal of Applied Ecology 52: 100-109. [view online]

    4. Hyder, A., Leung, B. 2015. Social deprivation and burden of influenza: Testing hypotheses and gaining insights from a simulation model for the spread of influenza. Epidemics 11: 71-79. [view online]

    5. Sellers, AJ., Ruiz, G.M, Leung, B., Torchin, ME. 2015. Regional variation in parasite species richness and abundance in the introduced range of the invasive lionfish, Pterois volitans. PLoS One 10 (6): e0131075. [view online]

    6. 2014

    7. Leung, B., Springborn, MR, Turner, JA, Brockerhoff, EG. 2014. Pathway level risk analysis: the net present value of an invasive species policy in the U.S. (ISPM15). Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 12: 273-279 doi 10.1890/130311. [PDF]

    8. Chivers, C., Leung, B., Yan, N. 2014. Validation and calibration of probabilistic predictions in ecology. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5: 1023-1032. [view online]

    9. Hedge, L, Leung, B, O'Connor, W, Johnston, E. 2014. The interacting effects of diversity and propagule pressure on early colonisation and population size. Journal of Animal Ecology 83: 168-175. [view online]

    10. Hayes, K.R., Leung, B., Thresher, R., Dambacher, J.M., Hosack, G.R. 2014. Meeting the challenge of quantitative risk assessment for genetic control techniques: a framework and some methods applied to the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Australia. Biological Invasions 16: 1273-1288. [view online]

    11. Holmes, T.P., Aukema, J., Englin, J., Haight, R.G., Kovacs, K. and Leung, B. 2014. Economic analysis of biological invasions in forests. In Handbook of forest resource economics (eds. Kant, S, Alavalapati, J.). Routledge, Abingdon, Oxon. Pp 369-386.

     

    1. 2013

      Leung, B., Steele, R.J. 2013. The value of a datum - how little data do we need for a quantitative risk analysis? Diversity and Distributions 19: 617-628. [PDF]

    2. Leung, B., Roura-Pascual, N., Bacher, S., Heikkilˆ§, J., Brotons, L., Burgman, M.A., Dehnen-Schmutz, K. Essl, F. Hulme, P.E., Richardson, D.M., Sol, D., VilˆÝ, M. 2013. Addressing a critique of the TEASI framework for invasive species risk assessment. Ecology Letters 16:1415-e6 [PDF]

    Wonham, M., Byers, J.E., Grosholz, E.D., Leung, B.2013. Modeling the relationship between invasion risk and propagule pressure to inform invasion policy. Ecological Applications 23: 1691-1706 [PDF]

    Clark, G.F, Johnson, E.L., Leung, B.. 2013. Intrinsic time-dependence in the diversity-invasibility relationship. Ecology 94: 25-31. [PDF]

    Hayes, K.R., Leung, B., Thresher, R., Dambacher, J.M., Hosack, G.R. 2013. Meeting the challenge of quantitative risk assessment for genetic control techniques: a framework and some methods applied to the common carp (Cyprinus carpio) in Australia. Biological Invasions. DOI 10.1007/s10530-012-0392-9 [PDF]

    *Bradie, J., *Chivers, C., Leung, B. 2013. Importing risk: quantifying the propagule pressure-establishment relationship at the pathway level. Diversity and Distributions 19: 1020-1030 [PDF]

    *Hyder, A, Buckeridge, D., Leung, B. 2013. Predictive validation of an influenza spread model. PLoS One 6: e65459 [PDF]

  1. Hedge, L, Leung, B., O'Connor, W, Johnston, E. 2013. The interacting effects of diversity and propagule pressure on early colonisation and population size. Journal of Animal Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2656.12125 [PDF]

    Collins, S., *Edwards, P., Leung, B., Johnson, LE. 2013. Optimizing early detection of non-indigenous species: estimating the scale of dispersal of a nascent population of the invasive tunicate Ciona intestinalis (L.). Marine Pollution Bulletin 73:64-69. [PDF]

    Book chapter (non-peer reviewed)

    Holmes, T.P., Aukema, J., Englin, J., Haight, R.G., Kovacs, K. and Leung, B. [In Press] Economic analysis of biological invasions in forests. In Handbook of forest resource economics (eds. Kant, S, Alavalapati, J.).

    1. 2012

      Leung, B., Roura-Pascual, N., Bacher, S., Heikkilˆ§, J., Brotons, L., Burgman, M.A., Dehnen-Schmutz, K. Essl, F. Hulme, P.E., Richardson, D.M., Sol, D., VilˆÝ, M. 2012. TEASIng apart alien species risk assessments: a framework for best practices. Ecology Letters 15: 1475-1493. [PDF]
       
      Chivers, C., Leung, B. 2012. Predicting invasions: alternative models of human-mediated dispersal and interactions between dispersal network structure and Allee effects. Journal of Applied Ecology 49: 1113-1123. [PDF]

      Delaney, D.G., Edwards, P., Leung, B. 2012. Predicting regional spread of invasive species using oceanographic models ’Äì validation and identification of gaps. Marine Biology 2: 269-282. [PDF]


    2. 2011

      Aukema, J.E., Leung, B., Kovacs, K., Chivers, C., Britton, K.O., Englin, J., Frankel, S.J., Haight, R.G., Holmes, T.P., Liebhold, A., McCullough, D.G., Von Holle, B. 2011. Economic Impacts of Non-Native Forest Insects in the United States. PLoS One 6(9): e24587. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0024587 [PDF]
       
      Gertzen, E., Leung, B., Yan, N.D. 2011. Propagule pressure, Allee effects and the probability of establishment of an invasive species (Bythotrephes longimanus). Ecosphere 2: art 30. [PDF]
       
      Gertzen, E., Leung, B. 2011. Predicting the spread of invasive species in an uncertain world: accommodating multiple vectors, and gaps in temporal and spatial data. Biological Invasions (DOI) 10.1007/s10530-011-0082-z [PDF]

    3. Bailey, S.A., M. Deneau, L. Jean, C. Wiley, B. Leung, & H.J. MacIsaac. 2011. Has management reduced the risk of ballast-mediated species introductions to the Great Lakes? Environmental Science and Technology 45: 2554-2561 [PDF]

      Yan, N.D, Leung, B., Lewis, M.A., Peacor, S.D. 2011. The spread, establishment and impacts of the spiny water flea, Bythotrephes longimanus, in temperate North America: a synopsis of the special issue. DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-0069-9 [PDF]

      Sylvester, F., Kalaci, O., Leung, B., Roussel, A., Murray, C.C, Choi, F.M., Bravo, M.A., Therriault, T.W., MacIsaac, H.J. 2011. Invasion vectors: can simple models explain a complex problem? Journal of Applied Ecology 48: 415-423 [PDF]

    Kulhanek, S.A., Leung, B., Ricciardi, A. 2011. Using ecological niche-based modeling techniques to predict the establishment, abundance and relative impacts of introduced species: application to the common carp (Cyprinus carpio). Ecological Applications 21: 203-213 [PDF]

    Kulhanek, S.A., Ricciardi, A., Leung, B. 2011. Is invasion history a useful tool for predicting the impacts of the world's worst aquatic invasive species? Ecological Applications 21:189-202 [PDF]

    1. Capinha, C., Leung, B., Anastacio, P. 2011. Predicting worldwide invasiveness for four major problematic decapods: an evaluation of using different calibration sets. Ecography 33 doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0587.2010.06369.x [PDF]

    2. Delaney, D.G., Griffen, B.D. and Leung, B. 2011. Does consumer injury modify invasion impact? Biol Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-9975-0 [PDF]

    3. Delaney, D.G., Griffen, B., Leung, B. 2011. Does consumer injury modify invasion imapct? Biological Invasions DOI 10.1007/s10530-011-9975-0. [PDF]

      Carlton, JT, Ruiz, GM, Byers, JE, Congelosi, A, Dobbs, FC, Grosholz, ED, Leung, B, MacIsaac, HJ, Wonham, MJ, Ehlers, LJ, Guzman, ED. 2011. Assessing the relationship between propagule pressure and invasion risk in ballast water. National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington DC.

    1. Refereed Books

    2. Carlton, JT, Ruiz, GM, Byers, JE, Congelosi, A, Dobbs, FC, Grosholz, ED, Leung, B, MacIsaac, HJ, Wonham, MJ, Ehlers, LJ, Guzman, ED. 2011. Assessing the relationship between propagule pressure and invasion risk in ballast water. National Research Council of the National Academies. Washington DC.


    1. 2010

      Roche, D., Leung, B., Mendoza-Franco, EF, Torchin, M.E.. 2010. Higher parasite richness, abundance and impact in native versus introduced cichlid fishes. International Journal of Parasitology 40: 1525-1530. [PDF]

    1. Delaney, D.G., Leung, B. 2010. An empirical probability model of detecting species at low densities. Ecological Applications 20: 1162-1172 [PDF]

      Feder, J.L., Powell, T.H.Q., Filchak, K., Leung, B. 2010. The diapause response of Rhagoletis pomonella to varying environmental conditions and its significance for geographic and host plant-related adaptation. Entomologia experimenatalis et applicata 136: 31-44 [PDF]

     

    1. Leung, B., Cacho, O.J., Spring, D. 2010. Searching for biological invaders: rapidly delimiting the invasion boundary. Diversity and Distributions. 16: 451-460 [PDF]

  2. 2009

    Edwards, P. K., Leung, B. 2009. Re-evaluating eradication of nuisance species: Invasion of the tunicate, Ciona intestinalis. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 7: 326-332 [PDF]
    >> Supplemental Information - Edwards & Leung

  3. Roche, D.G., Torchin, M.E., Leung, B., Binning, S.A. 2009. Localized invasion of the North American Harris mud crab, Rhithropanopeus harrisii, in the Panama Canal:  implications for eradication and spread. Biological Invasions 11: 983-993 [PDF]

  4. 2008

    Hyder, A., Leung, B., Miao, Z. 2008. Integrating data, biology, and decision models for invasive species management: application to leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula). Ecology and Society 13:12 [PDF]

  5. Gertzen, E., Familiar, O., Leung, B. 2008. Quantifying invasion pathways: fish introductions from the aquarium trade. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 65: 1265-1273 [PDF]

  6. Cohen, J., Mirotchnick, N., Leung, B. 2008. The aquarium plant trade: missing pieces, the authors reply. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5: 528-532

  7. Delaney, D.G., Sperling, C.D., Adams, C., Leung, B. 2008. Marine invasive species: validation of citizen science and implications for national monitoring networks. Biological Invasions 10: 117-128 [PDF]

  8. 2007

    Leung, B.
    , Mandrak, N.E., 2007. The risk of establishment of aquatic invasive species: joining invasibility and propagule pressure. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 274: 2603-2609 [PDF] (Highlighted in Faculty 1000 Biology)

  9. Cohen, J., Mirotchnick, N., Leung, B. 2007. Thousands introduced annually: the aquarium pathway and non-indigenous plants in the St. Lawrence Seaway. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. DOI: 10.1890/060137 [PDF]

  10. Norstrom, R.J., Clark, T.P., Enright, M., Leung, B., Drouillard, K.G., Macdonald, C.R. 2007. ABAM, a model for bioaccumulation of POPs in birds: validation for adult herring gulls and their eggs in Lake Ontario. Environmental Science and Technology 41: 4339-4347 [PDF]

  11. Finnoff, D., Shogren, J.F., Leung, B., Lodge, D.M. 2007. Take a risk – preferring prevention over control of biological invaders. Ecological Economics 62: 216-222 [PDF]

  12. Loo, S.E., Keller, R.P., Leung, B. 2007. Freshwater invasions: using historical data to analyze spread. Diversity and distributions 13: 23-32 [PDF]

  13. Biddulph, P., Crowther, D., Leung, B., Wilkinson, T ., Hart, B., Oreszczyn, T., Pretlove, S., Ridley, I., Ucci, M.. 2007. Predicting the population dynamics of the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Acari: Pyroglyphidae) in response to a constant hygrothermal environment using a model of the mite life cycle. Experimental and Applied Acarology 41: 61-86 [PDF]

  14. 2006

    Lodge, D.M., Williams, S., MacIsaac, H., Hayes, K., Leung, B., Reichard, S., Mack, R.N., Moyle, P.B., Smith, M., Andow, D.A., Carlton, J.T., McMichael A.. 2006. Biological Invasions: Recommendations for U.S. Policy and Management. Ecological Applications 16: 2035-2054 [PDF]

  15. Leung, B.
    and Delaney, D. 2006. Managing sparse data in biological invasions: a simulation study. Ecological modeling 198:229-239 [PDF]

  16. Leung, B., Bossenbroek, J.M., Lodge, D.M. 2006. Boats, pathways, and biological invasions: Estimating dispersal potential with gravity models. Biological Invasions 8: 241-254 [PDF]

  17. Muirhead, J.R., Leung, B., van Overdijk, C., Kelly, D.W., Kanavillil, N., Marchant, K.R., MacIsaac, H.J. 2005. Modeling local and long-distance dispersal of invasive emerald ash borer Agrilus planipennis (Coleoptera) in North America. Diversity and distributions 12:71-79 [PDF]

  18. 2005

  19. Leung, B., Finnoff, D., Shogren, J.F., Lodge, D.M. 2005. Managing invasive species: rules of thumb for rapid assessment. Ecological Economics 5: 24-36 [PDF]

  20. Feder, J.L., X. Xie, J. Rull, S. Velez, A. Forbes, B. Leung, H. Dambroski, K.E. Filchak, M. Aluja. 2005. “Mayr, Dobzhansky, and Bush and the complexities of sympatric speciation in Rhagoletis”  Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, U.S.A. 102: 6573-6580

  21. Finnoff, D., Shogren, J.F., Leung, B., Lodge, D.M. 2005. Risk and nonindigenous species management. Review of Agricultural Economics 27: 475-482 [PDF]

  22. Finnoff, D., Shogren, J.F., Leung, B., Lodge, D.M. 2005. The importance of bioeconomic feedback in nonindigenous species management. Ecological Economics 52: 367-381 [PDF]

  23. 2004

    Leung, B.,
    Drake, J.M., Lodge, D.M. 2004. Predicting invasions: propagule pressure and the gravity of Allee effects. Ecology 85:1651-1660 [PDF]

  24. Baker, R.L., Leung, B., Forbes, M.R. 2004. Diet of nymphs affects normal wing development in Ischnura verticalis (Coenagrionidae: Odonata). The Canadian Entomologist 136: 749-751 [view online]

  25. 2003

    Leung, B.
    and Grenfell, B.T. 2003. A spatial stochastic model simulating a scabies epidemic and coyote population dynamics. Ecological Modelling 166:41-52 [PDF]

  26. Leung, B., Mineau, P. and Knopper, L. 2003. A critical assessment of fluctuating asymmetry as a bioindicator of environmental stress In Polak, M. (ed.) Developmental Instability: Causes and Consequences. Oxford University Press. pp415-426

    Yan, N.D., Leung, B., Keller, B., Arnott, S.E., Gunn, J.M.,  and Raddum, G. 2003. Developing a conceptual framework for the recovery of aquatic biota from acidification: a zooplankton example. Ambio 32: 165-169 [PDF]

  27. 2002

    Leung, B.
    ,
    Lodge, D.M., Finnoff, D., Shogren, J.F., Lewis, M, Lamberti, G. 2002. An ounce of prevention or a pound of cure: bioeconomic risk analysis of invasive species. Proceedings: Biological Sciences 269:2407-2413 [PDF]

  28. Pretlove, S.E.C., Ridley, I., Horwood, J.A., Leung, B., Cox, P., Thomson, D., Baker, N., Crowther, D., Oreszczyn, T. 2002. A combined transient hygrothermal and population model of House Dust Mites in beds. Proceedings of IAQ 2001: Moisture, Microbes and health Effects: Indoor Air Quality and Moisture in Buildings, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers. ISBN 1-931862-05-2.

  29. 2001

    Leung, B.
    , Forbes, M.R., and Baker, R.L. 2001. Nutritional stress and behavioural immunity of damselflies. Animal Behaviour 61: 1093-1099

  30. 2000

    Leung, B.
    and Forbes, M.R. and Houle, D. 2000. Fluctuating asymmetry as a bio-indicator of stress: comparing efficacy of analyses involving multiple traits. American Naturalist 155: 101-115

  31. < 2000

    Leung, B.
    , Baker, R.L., and Forbes, M.R. 1999. Grooming decisions by damselflies, differential age-specific colonisation by water mites, and the probability of successful parasitism. International Journal for Parasitology 29: 397-402

  32. Drover, S., Leung, B., Forbes, M.R., Mallory, M., and McNicol, D. 1999. lake pH and aluminum concentrations: consequences for developmental stability of the water strider Rheumatobates rileyi (Hemiptera: Gerridae). Canadian Journal of Zoology 77: 157-161

  33. Leung, B. 1998. Controlling for allometry in studies of fluctuating asymmetry and quality. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B 265:1623-1629

  34. Leung, B. 1998. Aggregated parasite distributions in a homogeneous environment: examining the Poisson null model. International Journal For Parasitology 28:1709-1712

  35. Leung, B. and Forbes, M.R. 1998. The evolution of virulence: A stochastic simulation model examining parasitism at individual and population levels. Evolutionary Ecology 12: 165-177

  36. Leung, B. and Forbes, M.R. 1997. Modelling fluctuating asymmetry in relation to stress and fitness.  Oikos 78: 397-405.

  37. Leung, B.
    and Forbes, M.R. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry in relation to indices of quality and fitness in the damselfly, Enallagma ebrium (Hagen). Oecologia 110:472-477

  38. Forbes, M.R., Leung, B., and Schalk, G. 1997. Fluctuating asymmetry in Coenagrion resolutum (Hagen) in relation to age and male pairing success (Zygoptera:Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 26: 9-16

  39. Leung, B. and Forbes, M.R. 1996. Fluctuating asymmetry in relation to stress and fitness: effects of trait type as revealed by meta-analysis. Ecoscience 3: 400-413

  40. Forbes, M. R. and Leung, B. 1995. Prefabricated dining shelters as outdoor insectaries: an assessment using Enallagma ebrium (Hagen) (Zygoptera:Coenagrionidae). Odonatologica 24:461-46
   

Other publications

   
Crowther, D., Oreszczyn, T., Pretlove, S., Ridley, I., Horwood, J., Cox, P. and Leung, B. 2001. Controlling house dust mites through ventilation: the development of a model of mite response to varying hygrothermal conditions, Proceedings of  Biocontaminants de l'air intérieur:  Effets sur la santé et prévention, International Society of the Built Environment, Dijon, France, 15 June 2001