Kikuzawa, K and MJ Lechowicz. 2018. Leaf Photosynthesis Integrated Over Time. Chapter 18 in The Leaf: A Platform for Performing Photosynthesis and Feeding the Plant, Editors: William W. Adams III and Ichiro Terashima, Springer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands

Messier, J, C. Violle, B.J. Enquist, M.J. Lechowicz & B.J. McGill. 2018 Consistent water use relationships amidst widely different trait correlation patterns. American Journal of Botany (in press)

Bissonnette, Jean-François, Jerome Dupras, Christian Messier, Andrew Gonzalez, Alain Paquette, Martin Lechowicz, Danielle Gagenais, Jochen Jaeger. 2018. Moving forward in implementing green infrastructures: Stakeholders perceptions of opportunities and obstacles in a major North American metropolitan area. Cities (in press)

Martins, K.T., C.H. Albert, M.J. Lechowicz, A. Gonzalez. 2018. Complementary crops and landscape features sustain wild bee communities, Ecological Applications (in press)

Lechowicz, MJ. 2018. Trees 15 years on. Review of TREES: A complete guide to their biology and structure. By. A Roland Ennos. Cornell University Press, Ithaca, NY. Quarterly Review of Biology (in press)


Van Berkel, Derek B., Bronwyn Rayfield, Sebastián Martinuzzi, Martin J. Lechowicz, Eric White, Kathleen P. Bell, Chris R. Colocousis, Kent Kovacs, Anita T. Morzillo, Darla K. Munroe, Benoit Parmentier, Volker C. Radeloff and Brian J. McGill . 2017. Recognizing the 'sparsely settled forest': multi-decade socioecological change dynamics and community exemplars. Landscape and Urban Planning 170: 177-186

Martins, K.T., A. Gonzalez and M.J. Lechowicz. 2017. Patterns of pollinator turnover and increasing diversity associated with urban habitats, Urban Ecosystems 20: 1359-1371, DOI:10.1007/s11252-017-0688-8

Messier, Julie, Martin Lechowicz, Brian McGill, Cyrille Violle & Brian Enquist. 2017. Interspecific integration of trait dimensions at local scales: the plant phenotype as an integrated network. Journal of Ecology 105: 1775-1790, DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12755

Lechowicz, MJ. 2017. Review of HUBBARD BROOK: THE STORY OF A FOREST ECOSYSTEM. By Richard T. Holmes and Gene E. Likens. Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. Quarterly Review of Biology 92: 309-310


Messier, Julie, Brian J. McGill, Brian J. Enquist & Martin J. Lechowicz. 2016. Trait variation and integration across scales: Is the leaf economic spectrum present at local scales? Ecography DOI: 10.1111/ecog.02006

Jacobs, AL, MJ Lechowicz & CA Chapman. 2016. Non-native fruit trees facilitate native tree recruitment in regenerating landscapes, Restoration Ecology 25: 211-219

Kikuzawa, K and MJ Lechowicz. 2016. Axiomatic Plant Ecology - Reflections toward a Unified Theory for Plant Productivity. Chapter 18, Pages 399-423 in Canopy Photosynthesis: From Basics to Applications, Editors: K Hikosaka, Ü Niinemets & N Anten, Springer DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-7291-4_15

Marcia J. Waterway,M.J., K.T. Martins, A. Dabros, A. Prado and M.J. Lechowicz 2016 Ecological and Evolutionary Diversification within the Genus Carex (Cyperaceae): Consequences for Community Assembly in Subarctic Fens. Systematic Botany 41: 558-579 doi:

Niu, Kechang, Jin-sheng He, Shiting Zhang & Martin J. Lechowicz. 2016. Tradeoffs between rangeland digestibility and soil fertility: lessons from Eurasian grasslands. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 234: 31­39

Niu, Kechang, He, Jin-Sheng, Zhang, Shiting & Martin J. Lechowicz. 2016. Grazing increases functional richness but not functional divergence in Tibetan alpine meadow plant communities. Biodiversity and Conservation 25: 2441­2452 doi:10.1007/s10531-015-0960-2

Niu, Kechang, Jin-sheng He and Martin J Lechowicz, 2016. Foliar phosphorus content predicts species relative abundance in P-limited Tibetan alpine meadows. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 22: 47-54

Niu, Kechang, Jin-sheng He, Shiting Zhang & Martin J. Lechowicz 2016 Grazing-induced shifts in community functional composition and soil nutrient availability in Tibetan alpine meadows. Journal of Applied Ecology 53: 1554-1564 DOI: 10.1111/1365-2664.12727

Mitchell, MGE, EM Bennett, AG, MJ Lechowicz, JM Rhemtulla, JA Cardille,
K Vanderheyden, G Poirier-Ghys, D Renard, S Delmotte, CH Albert, B Rayfield, M Dumitru, H-H Huang, R Kipp, M Larouche, K Liss, DY Maguire, KT Martins, M Terrado, C Ziter, L Taliana & Karine Dancose. 2016. The Montérégie Connection: Linking landscapes, biodiversity, and ecosystem services to improve decision-making. Ecology and Society 20(4):15.

Farahat, Emad A., Hans W. Linderholm & Martin J. Lechowicz. 2016. Influence of dust deposition and climate on the radial growth of Tsuga canadensis near its northern range limit. European Journal of Forest Research 135: 69-76. (DOI) 10.1007/s10342-015-0917-8

Huang, Yingxin, Martin J Lechowicz, Daowei Zhou & Charles A Price. 2016. Evaluating general allometric models: interspecific and intraspecific data tell different stories. Oecologia 180: 671-684. DOI 10.1007/s00442-015-3497-x

Huang, Yingxin; Lechowicz, MJ; Price, C; Li, Lei; Wang, Ying; Zhou, Daowei. 2016. The underlying basis for the tradeoff between leaf size and leafing intensity. Functional Ecology 30: 199­205 doi: 10.1111/1365-2435.12491

Lechowicz, MJ. 2016. A Coming of Age for the Trait-Based Approach in Plant Ecology. Review of Plant Functional Diversity: Organism Traits, Community Structure, and Ecosystem Properties. By Eric Garnier, Marie-Laure Navas, Karl Grigulis. Oxford University Press. BioScience 66: 1082­1083


Rayfield, Bronwyn, Jérôme Dupras, Xavier Francoeur, Maria Dumitru, Danielle Dagenais, Jérémie Vachon, Alain Paquette, Martin Lechowicz, Christian Messier and Andrew Gonzalez.) 2015 Les Infrastructures vertes: Un outil d¹adaptation aux changements climatiques pour le Grand Montréal. David Suzuki Foundation, Montreal, ISBN: 978-1-897375-94-5. 49 pages

Morzillo, AT, CR. Colocousis, DK. Munroe, KP. Bell, S Martinuzzi, DB Van Berkel, MJ Lechowicz, B Rayfield, & BJ McGill. 2015 ³Communities in the middle²: interactions between drivers of change and place-based characteristics in rural forest-based communities. Journal of Rural Studies 42: 79-90

Niu, Kechang, J. Messier, Jin-Sheng He, & M. J. Lechowicz. 2015. The effects of grazing on foliar trait diversity and niche differentiation in Tibetan alpine meadows. Ecosphere 6(9):150.

Martins, K.T., A Gonzalez and M.J. Lechowicz. 2015. Pollination services are mediated by bee functional diversity and landscape context. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 200: 12-20.


Beauséjour, R. I.T. Handa, M.J. Lechowicz, B. Gilbert and M. Vellend. 2014. Historical anthropogenic disturbances influence patterns of non-native earthworm and plant invasions in a temperate primary forest. Biological Invasions 17:1267-1281 DOI 10.1007/s10530-014-0794-y


Kikuzawa, K, K Seiwa & MJ Lechowicz. 2013. Leaf Longevity as a Normalization Constant in Allometric Predictions of Plant Production. PLoS ONE 8(12): e81873. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0081873

Farahat, E & MJ Lechowicz. 2013. Functional ecology of growth in seedlings versus root sprouts of Fagus grandifolia Ehrh. Trees: 27: 337-340.


Paquette A., Fontaine B., Berninger F., Dubois K., Lechowicz M.J., Messier C., Posada J.M., Valladares F. and Brisson J.. 2012. Norway maple displays greater seasonal growth and phenotypic plasticity to light than native sugar maple. Tree Physiology 32: 1339­1347.

Souther, S, MJ Lechowicz & J McGraw. 2012. Experimental test for adaptive differentiation of American ginseng (Panax quinquefolius L.) populations to temperature. Annals of Botany 110: 829-837.

Posada, JM, R Sievänen, C Messier, J Perttunen, E Nikinmaa & MJ Lechowicz. 2012. Contributions of leaf photosynthetic capacity, leaf angle and self-shading to the maximization of net photosynthesis in Acer saccharum: a modeling assessment. Annals of Botany 110: 731-741.

Morin, X & MJ Lechowicz. 2012. Niche breadth and range area in North American trees. Ecography 35: 1-13.

Huebner, K, Z Lindo & MJ Lechowicz. 2012. Post-fire succession of collembolan communities in a northern hardwood forest. European Journal of Soil Biology 48: 59-65.

White, PJT, BJ McGill & MJ Lechowicz. 2012. Detecting changes in forest floor habitat after canopy disturbance. Ecological Research 27: 397-406.


White, PJT, BJ. McGill & MJ. Lechowicz. 2011. Human-disturbance and caterpillars in managed forest fragments. Biodiversity and Conservation 20:1745-1762.

Morin, X & MJ Lechowicz. 2011. Geographical and ecological patterns of range size in North American trees. Ecography 34: 738-750.

Messier, C., Bélanger, N., Paquette, A., Brisson, J., Lechowicz, M.J. and Gravel, D. 2011. Comment on "Present-day expansion of American beech in northeastern hardwood forests: Does soil base status matter?" Canadian Journal of Forest Research 41: 649–653.

Kikuzawa, K & MJ Lechowicz (2011) Ecology of Leaf Longevity, Springer. ISBN 978-4-431-53917-9


Flinn, KM, Gouhier, TC, Lechowicz, MJ & Waterway, MJ. 2010. The role of dispersal in shaping plant community composition of wetlands within an old-growth forest. Journal of Ecology (DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2745.2010.01708.x)

Messier, J, McGill, B & Lechowicz, MJ. 2010 How do traits vary across ecological scales? Ecology Letters 13: 838-848.

Gasser, D, Messier,C, Beaudet, M, and Lechowicz, MJ. 2010. Effect of gap size, liming, and competition control on the density, growth and survival of sugar maple and yellow birch regeneration following selection cutting. Forest Ecology & Management 259: 2006-2014.

Flinn, KM, Waterway, MJ & Lechowicz, MJ. 2010. Disjunct between performance and distribution in the sedge Carex prasina. Oecologia 163: 119-126.

Takahashi K, Arii, K & Lechowicz, MJ. 2010. Codominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia: the role of Fagus root sprouts along a slope gradients in an old-growth forest. Journal of Plant Research 123:665–674.


Posada, JM, Lechowicz, MJ & Kitajima, K. 2009. Optimal photosynthetic use of light by tropical tree crowns achieved by adjustment of individual leaf angles and nitrogen contents. Annals of Botany 103: 795-805.

Morin, X, Augspurger, C, O’Keefe, J, Viner, D, Lechowicz , MJ & Chuine, I. 2009. Leaf phenology in 22 North American tree species during the 21st century. Global Change Biology 15: 961-975.

Kikuzawa, K, Yagi M, Ohto Y, Umeki, K & Lechowicz, MJ. 2009. Canopy ergodicity: can a single leaf represent an entire plant canopy? Plant Ecology 202: 309-323.


Kikuzawa, K, Yagi M, Ohto Y, Umeki, K & Lechowicz, MJ.  2008. Canopy ergodicity: can a single leaf represent an entire plant canopy?  Plant Ecology doi 10.1007/s11258-008-9486-y

Flinn, KM, MJ Lechowicz & MJ Waterway. 2008. Plant species diversity and composition of small wetlands within upland forests. American Journal of Botany 95: 1216-1224.

Morin, X & Lechowicz MJ. 2008. Contemporary perspectives on the niche that can improve models of species range shifts under climate change. Biology Letters 4: 573-576.

Takahashi, K & Lechowicz, MJ. 2008.  Do interspecific differences in sapling growth traits contribute to the codominance of Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia? Annals of Botany 101: 103-109.

Media releases:


Takahashi, K, K Arii1 & MJ Lechowicz.  2007. Quantitative and qualitative effects of a severe ice storm on an old-growth beech-maple forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 598-606.

Arii, K & MJ Lechowicz. 2007. Changes in understory light regime in a beech-maple forest after a severe ice storm. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 37: 1770-1776.

Karst, A & MJ Lechowicz. 2007. Are correlations among foliar traits in ferns consistent with those in the seed plants? New Phytologist 173: 306-312.

Marks, CO & MJ Lechowicz. 2007. The ecological and functional correlates of nocturnal transpiration. Tree Physiology 27: 577-584.


Kikuzawa, K & MJ Lechowicz. 2006. Towards a synthesis of relationships among leaf longevity, instantaneous photosynthetic rate, lifetime leaf carbon gain and the gross primary production of forests. American Naturalist 168: 373-383.

Jingyun Fang & MJ Lechowicz. 2006.  Climatic limits for the present distribution of beech (Fagus L.) species in the world. J Biogeography 33: 1804-1819.

Linkosalo, T & MJ Lechowicz. 2006. Twilight far-red treatment advances leaf bud burst of silver birch (Betula pendula Roth). Tree Physiology 26: 1249-1256.

Shipley, Bill, MJ Lechowicz, Ian Wright and PB Reich. 2006. Fundamental tradeoffs generating the worldwide leaf economics spectrum. Ecology 87(3): 535-541.

Marks, CO & MJ Lechowicz. 2006. A holistic tree seedling model for the investigation of functional trait diversity. Ecological Modeling 193: 141-181.

Bell, G., MJ Lechowicz & MJ Waterway. 2006. The comparative evidence relating to functional and neutral interpretations of biological communities. Ecology (Special Feature) 87: 1378-1386.

Marks, CO and MJ Lechowicz. 2006. Alternative designs and the evolution of functional diversity. American Naturalist 167: 55-67.


Karst, J,  B. Gilbert and M J Lechowicz. 2005. Assembling fern communities: the roles of chance and environmental determinism at local and intermediate spatial scales. Ecology 86(9):2473-2486.

Gilbert, B and MJ Lechowicz. 2005. The positive correlation between native and exotic plant diversity in an old-growth, temperate forest: influence of environmental gradients. Ecology 86(7):1848-1855.

Arii, K, BR Hamel & MJ Lechowicz. 2005. Environmental correlates of canopy composition at Mont St. Hilaire, Quebec, Canada. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Club 132: 90-102.


Miyazawa, K & MJ Lechowicz. 2004. Comparative seedling ecology of eight North American spruce (Picea) species in relation to their geographic ranges. Annals of Botany 94: 635-644.

Benjamin Gilbert and Martin J. Lechowicz. 2004. Neutrality, niches and dispersal in a temperate forest understory. Proceedings of the National Academy (USA) 101: 7651-7656.

Delagrange, Sylvain, Christian Messier, Martin J.Lechowicz and Pierre Dizengremel. 2004  Physiological, morphological and allocational plasticity in understory deciduous trees: importance of individual size and light availability. Tree Physiology 24: 775-78.


Arii, K & MJ Lechowicz. 2002. The influence of overstory trees and abiotic factors on the sapling community in an old-growth Acer-Fagus forest. Ecoscience 9: 386-396.

Lechowicz, M.J. Phenology.  2002. In:  Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, The Earth System: biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change, Wiley, London, Volume 2, pp. 461-465.


Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J. & Waterway, M.J. The precision of adaptation in forest plants.  In: Integrating ecology and evolution in a spatial context, (eds.) J. Silvertown & J. Antonovics, Proceedings of a British Ecological Society Special Symposium, Blackwells, London, Chapter 6, 2001.

Naidoo, R & MJ Lechowicz 2001 The effects of gypsy moth on the radial growth of deciduous trees, Forest Science 47: 338-348.

Duguay, S., K. Arii, M. Hooper and M.J. Lechowicz. 2001. Monitoring the impact of a major ice storm on an old-growth forest. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 67: 97-108.

Perttunen, J, E Nikinmaa, MJ Lechowicz, R Sievänen and C Messier. 2001. Application of the Functional--Structural Tree Model LIGNUM to Sugar Maple Saplings (Acer saccharum Marsh) Growing in Forest Gaps. Annals of Botany 88 (3): 471-481.

Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M., Messier, C., Nikinmaa, E., Sievänen, R. and Perttunen, J. 2001. Adaptation of the LIGNUM model for simulations of growth and light response in jack pine. Forest Ecology and Management 150: 279-291.

Hooper, M.C., K. Arii and M.J. Lechowicz. 2001. Impact of a major ice storm on an old-growth hardwood forest. Canadian Journal Botany 79: 70-75.

Bell, G, M.J. Lechowicz and M.J. Waterway. 2001. The scale of local adaptation in forest plants, Pages 117-135 in Silvertown, J and J. Antonovics (eds) Integrating Ecology and Evolution in a Spatial Context, Blackwell Science, London.

Lechowicz, M.J., and B. St.-Jacques. 2001. Influence of a late spring freeze on the quantitiy and quality of birch foliage. Pages 21-28 in Proceeding of the 2nd International Birch Sap Symposium, Bifuka, Hokkaido, Hokkaido University Press, Sapporo, Japan.

Jackson, R.B., M.J. Lechowicz, X. Li and H.A. Mooney. 2001. The roles of phenology, growth and allocation in global terrestrial productivity. Pages 61-82 in H.A. Mooney and J. Roy (eds.) Terrestrial Global Productivity: Past, Present and Future, Academic Press, NY.

Lechowicz, M.J., 2001. Phenology. Encyclopedia of Global Environmental Change, Volume 2. The Earth System:biological and ecological dimensions of global environmental change. Wiley, London.

Lechowicz, M.J. 2001. Patterns of Biodiversity within North America. Pages 403-413 in Encyclopedia of Biodiversity. Academic Press, NY.


Ackerly, D.D., S.A. Dudley, S.E. Sultan, J. Schmitt, J.S. Coleman, R. Linder, D.R. Sandquist, M.A. Geber, A.S. Evans, T.E., Dawson and M.J. Lechowicz. 2000. The evolution of plant physiological traits, recent advances and future directions. Bioscience 2001. 50:979-995.

Shipley, B., and M.J. Lechowicz. 2000. The functional coordination of leaf morphology and gas exchange in 40 wetland species. Ecoscience 7: 183-194.

Vellend, M., M.J. Lechowicz and M.J. Waterway. 2000. Environmental distribution of four Carex species (Cyperaceae) in an old-growth forest. American Journal of Botany 87: 1507-1516.

Vellend, M., M.J. Lechowicz and M.J. Waterway. 2000. Germination and establishment of forest sedges (Carex, Cyperaceae): tests for home-site advantage and effects of leaf litter. American Journal of Botany 87: 1517-1525.

Leckie, S., M. Vellend, G. Bell, M.J. Waterway and M.J. Lechowicz. 2000. The seed bank in an old-growth, temperate deciduous forest. Canadian Journal of Botany 78: 181-192.

Beaudet, M., C. Messier, D.W. Helbert, E. Lo, Z.M. Wang, and M.J. Lechowicz. 2000. Leaf and plant-level carbon gain in yellow birch, sugar maple and beech seedlings from contrasting forest light environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 30: 390-404.

Bell, G., M.J. Lechowicz, and M.J. Waterway. 2000. Environmental heterogeneity and species diversity of forest sedges. Journal of Ecology 88: 67-87.


Wang, Z.M., K.H. Johnsen and M.J. Lechowicz. 1999. Is climate simulation in growth chambers necessary? Biotronics 28: 13-21.

Christian Messier, René Doucet, Jean-Claude Ruel, Yves Claveau, Colin Kelly, and Martin J. Lechowicz. 1999. Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 29: 812-823.


Naidoo, R., and M.J. Lechowicz. 1998. Radial growth losses in preferred and avoided tree species during gypsy moth outbreaks in southern Quebec. Northern Journal of Applied Forestry 16: 11-18.

Naidoo, R. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1998. Foliage suitability of tree species in southern Quebec to the gypsy moth. Canadian Entomologist 130: 853-857.

Lei, T.T. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1998. Diverse responses of maple saplings to forest light regimes. Annals of Botany 82: 9-19.

Z.M. Wang and M.J. Lechowicz. 1998. Effects of early season growth conditions on the germination and establishment of black spruce and jack pine. Ecoscience 5: 95-99.


Lei, T.T. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1997. The photosynthetic response of eight species of Acer to simulated light regimes from the centre and edge of gaps. Functional Ecology 11: 16-23.

Lei, T.T. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1997. Functional responses of Acer species to two simulated forest gap environments: leaf-level properties and photosynthesis. Photosynthetica 33: 277-289.

Cantin, D., M.F. Tremblay, M.J. Lechowicz and C. Potvin. 1997. Effects of CO2 enrichment, elevated temperature, and nitrogen availability on the growth and gas exchange of different families of jack pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 27: 510-520.


Kikuzawa, K., H. Koyama, K. Umeki and M.J. Lechowicz. 1996. Some evidence for an adaptive linkage between leaf phenology and shoot architecture in sapling trees. Functional Ecology 10: 252-257.


Lechowicz, M.J. and T. Koike. 1995. Phenology and seasonality of woody plants: an unappreciated element in global change research? Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 147-148.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1995. Seasonality of flowering and fruiting in temperate forest trees. Canadian Journal of Botany 73: 175-182.

Wang, Z.M., M.J. Lechowicz and C. Potvin. 1995. Responses of black spruce seedlings to simulated present versus future seedbed environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 25: 545-554.

McCanny, S.J., W.H. Hendershot, M.J. Lechowicz and B. Shipley. 1995. Photosynthesis and growth of Acer saccharum in acidic sand culture and elevated atmospheric CO2 . Canadian Journal of Forest Research 25: 8-17.

Zhang, J. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1995. Responses to CO2 enrichment by two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana differing in their sensitivity to nutrient availability. Annals of Botany 75: 491-499.


Zhang, J. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1994. Correlation between time of flowering and phenotypic plasticity in Arabidopsis thaliana. American Journal of Botany 81: 1336-1342.

Wang, Z.M., M.J. Lechowicz and C. Potvin. 1994. Early selection of black spruce seedlings and global change: which genotypes should we favor? Ecological Applications 4: 604-616.

Schoen, D.J., G. Bell and M.J. Lechowicz. 1994. The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. IV. Quantitative genetics of fitness components in Impatiens pallida. American Journal of Botany 91: 232-239.

Lechowicz, M.J. and G. Bell. 1994. The flip side: manifestations of how plants perceive patchiness at different scales. pp. 391-414 in M.M. Caldwell and R.W. Pearcy (eds.), Exploitation of Environmental Heterogeneity by Plants. Ecophysiological Processes Above and Below Ground, Academic Press, N.Y.


Bell, G., M.J. Lechowicz, A. Appenzeller, M. Chandler, E. DeBlois, L. Jackson, B. Mackenzie, R. Preziosi, M. Schallenberg and N. Tinker. 1993. The spatial structure of the physical environment. Oecologia 96: 114-121.


Hunter, A.F and M.J. Lechowicz. 1992. Predicting the timing of budburst in temperate trees. Journal of Applied Ecology 29: 597-604.

Shipley, B., M.J. Lechowicz, W.H. Hendershot and S. Dumont. 1992. The interactive effects of nutrient concentration, solution pH - Al concentrations and CO2 concentration on the growth and vitality of red spruce (Picea rubens Sarg.) seedlings in relation to forest decline. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 64: 585-600.

Wang, J., N.E. Ives and M.J. Lechowicz. 1992. The relation of foliar phenology to xylem embolism in trees. Functional Ecology 6: 469-475.

Koike, T., M. Sanada, T.T. Lei, M. Kitao, and M.J. Lechowicz. 1992. Senescence and the photosynthetic performance of individual leaves of deciduous broadleaved trees as related to forest dynamics, pp. 703-706 in N. Murata (ed.) Research in Photosynthesis Vol. IV. Kluwer Academic Publishers, The Netherlands.

Hunter, A.F. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1992. Host foliage acceptability during the dispersal period of gypsy moth larvae. Oecologia 89: 316-323.


Bell, G., M.J. Lechowicz and D.J. Schoen. 1991. The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. III. Environmental variance in native populations of Impatiens pallida. Journal of Ecology 79: 697-714.

Lechowicz, M.J. and G. Bell. 1991. The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. II. Microspatial heterogeneity of the edaphic environment. Journal of Ecology 79: 687-696.

Bell, G. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1991. The ecology and genetics of fitness in forest plants. I. Environmental heterogeneity measured by explant trials. Journal of Ecology 79: 663-686.

Hamilton, D.J. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1991. Host effects on the development and fecundity of gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L., reared under field conditions. Canadian Journal of Zoology 69: 2217-2224.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1991. The niche at the organismal level: lichen photosynthetic responses. pp. 29-46 in D.T. Wicklow and G. Carroll (eds.) The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Marcel Dekker, N.Y.


Lei, T.T. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1990. Shade adaptation and shade tolerance in saplings of three Acer species from eastern North America. Oecologia 84: 224-228.

Potvin, C., M.J. Lechowicz, and S. Tardif. 1990. The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology 71: 1389-1400.

Potvin, C., M.J. Lechowicz, G. Bell, and D. Schoen. 1990. Spatial, temporal and species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany 68: 499-504.

Farris, M.A. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1990. Functional interactions among traits that determine reproductive success in a native annual plant. Ecology 71: 548-557.


Blais, P.A. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1989. Variation among populations of Xanthium strumarium L. (Compositae) from natural and ruderal habitats. American Journal of Botany 76: 901-908.

Lechowicz, M.J. and N.E. Ives. 1989. Comparative ecology of drought response in hardwood trees: Acer saccharum versus Fraxinus americana. Pages 283-292 in Kreeb, K.H., H. Richter, and T.M. Hinckley (eds.), Structural and Functional Responses to Environmental Stresses: Water Shortage. SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague.


Lubbers, A.E. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1988. Effects of leaf removal on reproduction versus below-ground storage in Trillium grandiflorum. Ecology 70: 85-96.

Lechowicz, M.J., D.J. Schoen, and G. Bell. 1988. Environmental correlates of habitat distribution and fitness components in Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida. Journal of Ecology 76: 1043-1054.

Lechowicz, M.J. and P.A. Blais. 1988. Assessing the contributions of multiple interacting traits to plant reproductive success: environmental dependence. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 1: 255-273.


Jasieniuk, M. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1987. Spatial and temporal variation in chasmogamy and cleistogamy in Oxalis montana Raf. (Oxalidaceae). American Journal of Botany 74: 1672-1680.

Melancon, S. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1987. Differences in the damage caused by glaze ice on codominant Acer saccharum and Fagus grandifolia. Canadian Journal of Botany 65: 1157-1159.

Dudley, S. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1987. Losses of polyol through leaching in subarctic lichens. Plant Physiology 83: 813-815.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1987. Resistance of the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris (Opiz) Brodo to growth reduction by simulated acid rain. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 34: 71-77.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1987. Resource allocation by plants under air pollution stress: implications for plant-pest-pathogen interactions. Botanical Review 53: 281-300.

Groulx, M. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1987. Net photosynthetic recovery in subarctic lichens with contrasting water relations. Oecologia 71: 360-368.


Lechowicz, M.J. and Y. Mauffette. 1986. Host preferences of the gypsy moth in North American versus European forests. Revue d'Entomologie du Québec 31: 43-51.

Schultz, J.C. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1986. Host plant, larval age, and feeding behavior influence midgut pH in the gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar). Oecologia 71: 133-137.

Schoen, D.J., S.C. Stewart, M.J. Lechowicz and G. Bell. 1986. Partitioning the transplant site effect in reciprocal transplant experiments with Impatiens capensis and Impatiens pallida. Oecologia 70: 149-154.


Shaver, G.R. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1985. A multivariate approach to plant mineral nutrition: dose-response relationships and nutrient dominance in factorial experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany 63: 2138-2143.


Lechowicz, M.J. 1984. Why do temperate deciduous trees leaf out at different times? Adaptation and the ecology of forest communities. American Naturalist 124: 821-842.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1984. The effects of individual variation in physiological and morphological traits on the reproductive capacity of the common cocklebur Xanthium strumarium L. Evolution 38: 833-844.

Mauffette, Y. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1984. Differences in the utilization of tree species as larval hosts and pupation site by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar L. (Lepidoptera:Lymantriidae). Canadian Entomologist 116: 685-690.

Waterway, M.J., M.J. Lechowicz, and T.R. Moore. 1984. Vegetation of the Schefferville Region, NouveauQuébec, pages 7-20 in Moore, T.R. (ed.) Future Directions for Research in Nouveau-Québec, McGill Subarctic Research Paper No. 39, Centre for Northern Studies and Research, Montréal, Québec.

Lechowicz, M.J., S. Dudley, and M. Groulx. 1984. Critical research problems on the ecology of lichens in subarctic Québec, pages 21-27 in Moore, T.R. (ed.) Future Directions for Research in Nouveau-Québec, McGill Subarctic Research Paper No. 39. Centre for Northern Studies and Research, Montréal, Québec.


Lemon, R.E., J. Struger, and M.J. Lechowicz. 1983. Song features as species discriminants in American warblers (Parulidae). Condor 85: 308-322.

Mauffette, Y., M.J. Lechowicz, and L. Jobin. 1983. Host preferences of the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar, in southern Quebec. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 13: 53-60.

Lechowicz, M.J. and L. Jobin. 1983. Differential susceptibility of forest trees to attack by the gypsy moth, Lymantria dispar. Ecological Entomology 8: 171-183.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1983. Age-dependence of photosynthesis in the caribou lichen, Cladina stellaris (Opiz.) Brodo. Plant Physiology 71: 893-895.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1983. Leaf quality and the host preferences of the gypsy moth in a northern deciduous forest, pp. 67-82 in Talerico, R.L. (ed.) Forest Defoliator - Host Interaction: acomparison between spruce budworm and gypsy moth, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Station, General Tech. Rep NE-85, Hamden, CT.


Zimmerman, J.E. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1982. Responses to moisture stress in male and female plants of Rumex acetosella L. (Polygonaceae). Oecologia 53: 305-309.

Weaver, S.E. and M.J. Lechowicz. 1982. The Biology of Canadian weeds - Xanthium strumarium L. Canadian Journal of Plant Sciences 63: 211-225.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1982. The effects of simulated acid precipitation on photosynthesis in the caribou lichen Cladina stellaris. Water, Air, Soil Pollution 18: 421-430.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1982. Ecological trends in lichen photosynthesis. Oecologia 53: 330-336.

Lechowicz, M.J. and G.R. Shaver. 1982. A multivariate approach to the analysis of factorial fertilization experiments in Alaskan Arctic tundra. Ecology 63: 1029-1038.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1982. The sampling characteristics of electivity indices. Oecologia 52: 22-30.


Lechowicz, M.J. 1981. The effects of climatic pattern on lichen productivity: Cetraria cucullata (Bell) Ach. in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska. Oecologia 50: 210-216.

Lemon, R.E., J. Struger, M.J. Lechowicz, and R. Norman. 1981. Song features and singing heights of American warblers. J. Acous. Soc. Amer. 69: 1169-1176.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1981. Adaptation and the fundamental niche: evidence from lichens, pages 89-108 in D.T. Wicklow and G. Carroll (eds.) The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Marcel Dekker, N.Y.


Lechowicz, M.J., L. Hellens, and J-P. Simon. 1980. Latitudinal trends in the responses of growth respiration and maintenance respiration to temperature in the beach pea, Lathyrus japonicus Willd. Canadian Journal of Botany 58: 1521-1524.


Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1979. Net CO2 exchange responses in Cladonia lichen species endemic to southeastern North America. Photosynthetica 13(1): 155-162.


Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1978. Diurnal and seasonal structure of the climate at Schefferville, Quebec (54°48'N, 66°49'W). Arctic and Alpine Research 10: 95-104.

Lechowicz, M.J. 1978. Carbon dioxide exchange in Cladina lichens from subarctic and south temperate habitats. Oecologia 32: 225-237.


Kowal, R.R., M.J. Lechowicz, and M.S. Adams. 1976. The use of canonical analysis to compare response curves in physiological ecology. Flora (Jena) 165: 29-46.


Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1975. A note on aquatic macrophyte productivity in Lake Maggiore. Mem. Ist. Ital. Idrobiol. 32: 59-55.


Lechowicz, M.J., W.P. Jordan, and M.S. Adams. 1974. Ecology of Cladonia lichens, III. Comparison of C. caroliniana, endemic to southeastern North America, with three northern Cladonia. Canadian Journal of Botany 52: 565-573.

Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1974. Ecology of Cladonia lichens, II. Comparative physiological ecology of C. mitis, C. rangiferina, and C. uncialis. Canadian Journal of Botany 52: 411-422.

Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1974. Ecology of Cladonia lichens. I. Preliminary assessment of the ecology of terricolous lichen-moss communities in Ontario and Wisconsin. Canadian Journal of Botany 52: 55-64.


Lechowicz, M.J. and M.S. Adams. 1973. Net photosynthesis of Cladonia mitis from sun and shade sites on the Wisconsin Pine Barrens. Ecology 54: 413-419.